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How To Help Kids Overcome Adverse Childhood Experiences

I turned off the car engine, rested my arms and my forehead on the steering wheel as tightly as I could, and just sobbed. 

I kept telling myself I was doing “the right thing,” but the voices in my head were mocking me, shaming me, calling me names.

You’re wasting your time… and your money!

¡Qué dramática!

Airing the dirty laundry – what a disgrace!

I finally walked into the therapist’s office. I couldn’t look her straight in the eyes.    

Even though I had struggled with depression, anxiety, and suicidal thoughts from a very early age, and had been through very traumatic experiences, I never even considered therapy before.

I grew up in a culture where you’re supposed to suppress all your feelings, pray, and take care of your kids.

I was severely depressed and expecting a baby, so I finally summoned the courage to make the appointment, but the stigma was carcomiéndome (eating me alive).

By the end of that session, I felt grateful to my friend Trent for recommending therapy, and I was actually shocked. 

I didn’t feel weak and irresponsible – I felt empowered and strong because I was taking care of my mental health.

Dealing with my ACEs

Even though I was more concerned about my babies—the three I was raising, the one I was carrying—my therapist started by addressing my ACEs.

Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) are potentially traumatic events that occur in the early years of our lives (0-17). They fall into 3 categories:

1) Abuse (physical, emotional, or sexual); 

2) Neglect (physical or emotional); and 

3) Household dysfunction (mental illness, domestic violence, divorce, incarcerated relative, substance abuse). 

I scored a 9 out of these 10 before my 20th birthday, and that’s why preventing ACEs is so dear and near to my heart.

So many of us get so good at putting on our “strong and independent woman who smiles at adversity” face, so it’s close to impossible for others to even suspect that we’re in the middle of the trauma circle.


The Impact of ACEs

ACE’s aren’t just painful memories that we brush off and hide. They can deeply affect a child’s development.

ACEs trigger the body’s stress systems or “fight or flight” response. The body’s stress system is meant to run for a short burst to protect a person from danger. 

When the body’s stress system is turned on for a long period of time due to a traumatic event, it produces toxic stress, impacting a child’s health.

Unfortunately, exposure to ACEs can increase the risk later in life of alcoholism, smoking, and drug abuse; depression, heart disease, liver disease, STIs, and teen pregnancy; and suicide attempts or death by suicide. 

Thankfully, we can all do our part to prevent ACEs and mitigate the damaging effect of ACEs in our families and our communities.

ACEs are NOT your destiny!

The Number One Way To Prevent ACEs

Having strong support systems, whether through individuals or organizations, is a really effective way to prevent ACEs or lessen the negative effects of ACEs. This is true for both children and adults. In fact, they have a name to help you remember: safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments (SSNREs).

I was 13 years old the first time I tried to take my life, but having people in my life who mentored, encouraged, and supported me made my life easier and helped me thrive despite the dysfunction and struggles I faced.

Those support systems help the body’s stress system reset. These safe, stable, and nurturing relationships and environments (or SSNREs) are essential to lifelong health and success as well as the prevention of ACEs.

These connections can positively impact children who experience ACEs. I’m living proof that cycles of ACEs can be broken across generations and I’m grateful. 

And even though my daughters are fatherless and I’m the sole provider as a single mom, they have been less impacted by ACEs because they’ve had safe, stable, and nurturing relationships and environments. 

My father, my brother, and my brother-in-law are all counselors and guides for my daughters, and because of my line of work, they have had access to inspiring world leaders that have personally mentored them and adopted them as their “godchildren.”

I’ve also encouraged my daughters to be creators and contributors with their talents, so they are artists, writers, musicians (and more!) and have been able to participate in many enriching activities, surrounded by positive people who help me nurture their dreams.

Find Your 3

Today, I want to encourage you to #findyour3: three sources of support to help your child through tough times.

I think this past year has made ACEs more real for a lot of people because there is a collective trauma going on. Even though something traumatic for everyone is not an ACE, everyone has become more aware of just how important it is to be seen, heard, and supported.

When I walked into my therapist’s office, I found one of my 3. I also attend a recovery group for family members impacted by addiction, and I have my “Fairy God-Brother,” my go-to when I am feeling overwhelmed with hopelessness and anxiety.

Of course, I strive to be a source of support for my daughters; however, I make sure we have an open family system (one where new relationships are allowed to be fostered and built). 

And when I permit myself to ask for help, to seek healing, and to take care of myself, I permit them to do the same when they struggle.

6 Strategies To Prevent ACEs

There are 6 known strategies to prevent and help children overcome Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs).

the Positive Mom arrow Strengthening economic supports for families 

Strengthening household financial security
Family-friendly work policies

the Positive Mom arrow Promoting social norms that protect against violence and adversity

Public education campaigns
Legislative approaches to reduce corporal punishment
Bystander approaches
Men and boys as allies in prevention

the Positive Mom arrow Ensuring a strong start for children and paving the way for them to reach their full potential 

Early childhood home visitation
High-quality child care
Preschool enrichment with family engagement

the Positive Mom arrow Teaching skills to help parents and youth handle stress, manage emotions, and tackle everyday challenges

Social-emotional learning
Safe dating and healthy relationship skill programs
Parenting skills and family relationship approaches

the Positive Mom arrow Connecting youth to caring adults and activities

Mentoring programs
After-school programs

the Positive Mom arrow Intervening to lessen immediate and long-term harms

Enhanced primary care
Victim-centered services
Treatment to lessen the harms of ACEs
Treatment to prevent problem behavior and future involvement in violence
Family-centered treatment for substance use disorders

It’s comforting to know that ACEs are preventable and can be mitigated! Which of these strategies would you like to learn more about?

Be The One

One thing I love is that each of us has the ability, the potential, and the unique opportunity to make a difference when it comes to ACEs.

It takes a lot of courage to stop sweeping things under the rug, drop the shame, and defy the beliefs that seeking help makes you “weak” or “crazy.”

I am committed to continuing my journey of creating a positive place for myself and my daughters. 

It’s like this saying I once heard: It ran in my family until it ran into me. 

Now it’s your turn.

You can contribute to a child’s well-being, safety, and stability, or you could be a trusted friend to another mom (or any other adult).

As you do that, you help prevent violence victimization and perpetration, as well as life-threatening conditions for that child.

We can work together to help create neighborhoods, communities, and a world in which every child can thrive. ¡Podemos juntas!

Are you committed to finding your three? I am! I encourage you to learn more about ACEs. The CDC has additional information about Adverse Childhood Experiences, so be sure to check that out, too!

Elayna Fernandez - Bestselling Author - 
Transformational Trainer and Keynote Speaker - Mentor to Mom Entrepreneurs

© Elayna Fernández ~ The Positive MOM
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Stephanie Gilbert

Thursday 22nd of April 2021

Thanks for sharing your personal experience with us. I too struggle with depression as it runs on my dad’s side. I was hoping my daughter would skip it but she too has it at 15 😔

Janice Croze

Wednesday 31st of March 2021

Thank you for sharing your story so openly!! It is so important for us to share our stories and let others know that they are not alone!

I am so grateful for the support I have had in my life and the family and friends my children have.

I was a youth worker for Youth for Christ when I was in my twenties and it was such an honor to be in kids/teens lives and be that friend and support system they needed.

HUGS my friend! You are awesome!